During the early days of the Irish Civil War, the anti-treaty IRA controlled Cork city. It took over The Cork Examiner and used it to promote its side in the conflict. The newly-formed Free State army landed at Passage West on 9 August 1922, surprising the Republicans who were expecting an attack by land. The Free State forces encountered stiff resistance from the Republicans near Rochestown and Douglas during what later came to be known as the Battle of Douglas. Within days however the much better equipped army of the Free State had driven the IRA from the city.